Diversity Climate: Does Our Generational Lens Matter?

By Monica Gavino, Hamid Mohammadi, John Eber and Tolulope Bewaji.

Published by The International Journal of Organizational Diversity

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: April 25, 2014 $US5.00

The cross-sectional study utilizes the Multicultural Organizational Development (MCOD; Jackson, 1998) framework to investigate if generational differences affect how the diversity climate is viewed by members in a university setting. The setting for this study allows us to include Gen Y’s view of the diversity climate; this is important as Gen Y is still just entering the workplace. Drawing on generational cohort theory, we propose that the significant life events that Boomers, Gen X and Gen Y members experience could in fact play a role in how they perceive the diversity climate. Furthermore, we differentiate between Gen Y, Late Gen X, Early Gen X, Late Boomer, Mid Boomer, and Early Boomer to investigate if there are intra-generational differences. Our findings suggest that both inter-generational differences in how the diversity climate is perceived as well as some level of intra-generational differences that exist in organizations.

Keywords: Generational Differences, Diversity Climate, Multicultural Organizational Development

International Journal of Organizational Diversity, Volume 13, Issue 1, April 2014, pp.25-38. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: April 25, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 285.347KB)).

Dr. Monica Gavino

Associate Professor, Graham School of Management, Saint Xavier University, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Dr. Gavino is Associate Professor at Saint Xavier University in Chicago, USA. She has her doctorate in Human Resources Management as well as over 20 years experience in the HR field as a human resources executive, consultant, and researcher. Her areas of interest and research include diversity and inclusion in organizations, minority entrepreneurs, and the impact of HR practices on organizations. She has published in the Business Journal of Hispanic Research; Human Resource Management, Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal; Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion: an International Journal; The Journal of Women’s Entrepreneurship and Education; and “Sustain a Climate of Respect and Inclusion” in Attract, Engage and Retain Top Talent: 50 Plus One Strategies Used by the Best. In addition to the Academy of Management Conference(s), she has presented her research at The International Human Resource Workshop, Murcia, Spain; the Seventh International Conference on HRD Research and Practice in Tilburg, Netherlands, and Research Forum of the Business Journal of Hispanic Research in Atlanta, USA. Dr. Gavino earned her Ph.D. from University of Illinois at Chicago, her MBA from Roosevelt University, and her BA from Western Illinois University in the U.S.A.

Dr. Hamid Mohammadi

Associate Professor, Graham School of Management, Saint Xavier University, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Dr. Mohammadi received his Ph.D. in operations management in 1990, and MBA in 1985 from Illinois Institute of Technology. He joined the faculty of the Graham School of Management in 1989. His research includes the impact of information technology on financial service industry. He has published several papers and regularly been presenter, reviewer, discussant, and chair at the MBAA conferences. Since 1992 his consulting company has been helping several companies in southwest suburbs of Chicago in business planning, budgeting, forecasting, and tax planning. He is a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) since 1990.

Dr. John Eber

Professor, Dean Emeritus, Graham School of Management, Saint Xavier University, Chicago, IL, USA

John E. Eber, Ed.D. is Professor of Accounting and Dean Emeritus at the Graham School of Management at Saint Xavier University in Chicago where he served as Dean from 1997 to 2007. He is currently Chair of the Accounting and Business Law Department. Dr. Eber’s academic credentials include a Doctor of Education degree in Business Education and Accounting from Northern Illinois University, an MBA in Accounting from DePaul University and a B.S.C. in Marketing also from DePaul. He has been involved in corporate consulting throughout his academic career. He has served for more than 20 years as a moderator for executive peer advisory groups including CFO and CEO groups.

Dr. Tolulope Bewaji

Assistant Professor, Graham School of Management, Saint Xavier University, Chicago, IL, USA

Tolulope Bewaji is an assistant professor in the Graham School of Management at Saint Xavier University in Chicago, Illinois, USA. She received her doctorate of philosophy in Business Administration from Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her research interests include knowledge management in high technology firms; research on emerging nations and diversity in organizations. Dr. Bewaji teaches international business and strategy at the undergraduate and graduate levels.