After the China Tiananmen Square Incident in 1989, many of the PRC students studying in Australia were eventually granted Permanent Residence and went on to start up businesses. The paper investigates the experiences of these ethnic entrepreneurs and the pathways and resources they relied on to pursue their businesses. A qualitative approach using 17 in-depth interviews reveals that they started up businesses either by seeking market niches among co-ethnics or by purchasing or replicating businesses they were employed in after arriving in Australia. The study identifies that ethnic resources (e.g. family, ethnic social network, links to the country of origin) are significant for the PRC Chinese seeking market opportunities and raising start-up capital, while class resources (e.g. professional background, English proficiency, education, finance capital, prior work experience, personal attributes) are crucial to their business development. Innovation in the forms of management, specialization and localization enables their businesses to survive and further develop in Australia.
|Keywords:||The PRC Chinese, Ethnic Entrepreneurs, The 1980s, Australia, Business Start-up, Business Development|
PhD Candidate, School of Business, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia
Senior Lecturer, School of Business, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia