More than three decades have gone by since the promulgation of the 1978 Spanish Constitution, and by now there is enough perspective to analyse the effectiveness of a composite state model seen by some as almost federal and by others as simply highly decentralized. After giving a brief summary of the process of building the current territorial organization of the Spanish ‘State of Autonomies’, this paper looks at the strengths and weaknesses of multilevel governance. It suggests a possible reform agenda to ensure the more efficient functioning of the State from the federal perspective. The second part then explores the idea that Spain is also a multinational state and this relevant question, a source of tension between the various existing nationalisms, remains one of the most important collective challenges for the future. The old Spanish problem takes up a significant part of collective energies, largely determines the political agenda and casts shadows of uncertainty over the future.
|Keywords:||Composite State, Multilevel Governance, National Diversity, Multinational Federalism, Spain|
Professor of Human Geography, Department of Geography, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain