This paper questions meritocracy, which is a social strategy: it is an attempt to make unfair use of diversity. According to meritocracy, the social position of each person is based on individual merits. This is how the strategy of meritocracy tries to build hierarchy. The usage of the so called merits are tools to do it. However, the qualitative research on academic and professional trajectories leads us to a different conclusion: merits are not only achieved individually, the rules of the game are not neutral, and the evaluation criteria are not objective. In fact, power relationships and conflict are the keys to understand this phenomenon. It has nothing to do with justice. This paper proposes a different perspective to analyse academic and professional trajectories. Four social institutions are taken into account: individual, family, education, and work. The constant inter-institutional and intra-institutional negotiations are the keys to analyse how the diverse multitude tends to become immersed in a hierarchical social space.
|Keywords:||Meritocracy, Hierarchy, Diversity, Education, Working Conditions, Family, Individual|
Assistant Professor, Department of Didactics and School Organisation, University of the Basque Country, San Sebastian, Spain