Social Working Diversity: Empowering Disadvantaged and Marginalized School Children via the Village Sanctuary Model

By Guia Calicdan-Apostle and Ivan B. Turnipseed.

Published by The International Journal of Diversity in Education

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: March 14, 2014 $US5.00

What happens when the operating budget for disadvantaged and predominantly African American and Latino school districts get cut? Key staff and critical resources decline and the children become even more marginalized and lost in a world of stress and emotional trauma. This presentation identifies four major risk factors that school systems often fail to address: (1) children’s trauma from a programmatic and service perspective, (2) the impact of student bio-psycho-social status on academic performance, (3) the link between employee anxiety and helplessness and dysfunctional student behavior, and (4) the repeated traumatization caused by lack of genuine collaboration. Based, in part, on the work of Bloom (2007), the Village Sanctuary Model is presented as a viable solution to the extant challenges.

Keywords: African American, Bio-psycho-social, Latino, Marginalization, Sanctuary Model, School Systems, Trauma

The International Journal of Diversity in Education, Volume 13, Issue 2, March 2014, pp.53-61. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: March 14, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 308.532KB)).

Dr. Guia Calicdan-Apostle

Assistant Professor of Social Work, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Galloway, NJ, USA

Guia Calicdan-Apostle currently works as an Assistant Professor of Social Work at The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. Her dissertation topic at The University of Pennsylvania, School of Social Policy and Practice, was on spirituality and mental health--an area of study that is still lacking in the field of research and social work practice. While at Penn, Guia received a certificate from the Center for Teaching and Learning, which recognizes doctoral students for their commitment to teaching and to professional development. Guia practiced international social work, supervised teachers in an Indochinese refugee camp, and, as an immigrant from the Philippines, landed an entry level job with the Ethiopian and Somali refugee communities in Virginia, USA. Her tobacco control public health advocacy work has earned her a Multicultural Award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). As a school social worker for many years in a public school setting, Guia strengthened her practice with children and youth. Guia attributes her passion for social work to great mentors from Philippine Women’s University, the Asian Social Institute, and The University of Pennsylvania.

Dr. Ivan B. Turnipseed

Assistant Professor of Business/Hospitality & Tourism Management Studies, School of Business, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Galloway, New Jersey, USA

Ivan B. Turnipseed is Assistant Professor of Business/Hospitality & Tourism Management Studies at The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. He received his PhD from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas in Hospitality Administration with emphases on social stratification in organizations, tourism marketing, and strategic human resource management. Dr. Turnipseed has more than a decade of professional experience in the lodging, conventions, and meeting planning industries. As well, he has years of academic experience as a faculty member and an administrator at Central Connecticut State University; Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania; the University of Nevada, Las Vegas; and Monroe College. Turnipseed has maintained a presence at educational and professional conferences, presenting on issues of gender, politics, race, research methods, service quality, and sustainability. He has been an invited guest lecturer for a variety of professional and academic conferences and workshops. Turnipseed is published in several scholarly journals. He regularly provides diversity/inclusion, general business, and targeted consultancy, and he is Chief Advisor to the National Black Graduate Student Association.