The Bafa’ Bafa’ Simulation Revisited: A New Way to Address Diversity Issues in Public Administration Initiatives that Involve Citizen Engagement

By Thomas P. Dunn, Manfred F. Meine and Sandra L. Dunn.

Published by The Diversity Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

It has long been recognized that one of the keys to the successful completion of many public administration initiatives in democratic societies is the judicious management of citizen engagement; a difficult task to achieve under the best of circumstances, even when not impacted by increasingly complex diversity issues. It is equally clear that one of the most significant considerations in contemporary public administration education, at both the theoretical and operational levels, is the need to identify and implement methods to ameliorate, if not eliminate, the potential impediments to cooperation that accrue to the growing diversity at virtually all levels of social structure worldwide. It is the purpose of this paper to call to the consciousness of both the practitioners of public administration, as well as those educators who are charged with providing them with the most effective techniques for implementing their initiatives, a social science simulation, Bafa Bafa (Shirts, 2010)that has a proven track record as an effective technique for defining and dealing with diversity issues.

Keywords: Diversity Educators and Practitioners, Dealing with Diversity, Innovative Approach, Bafa’ Bafa’

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp.221-230. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 626.883KB).

Dr. Thomas P. Dunn

Assistant Professor, Troy University, Ft. Walton Beach, Florida, USA

Thomas P. Dunn, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of sociology at Troy University. His most recent research interests include professional ethics and the sociology of online education. His most recent publications include: “The Remote Proctor: An Innovative Technology Solution for Online Course Integrity,” co-authored with Manfred F. Meine and Judy McCarley, The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Vol. 6, Issue 1, 2010; “Distance Learning and Ethics Education and Training: A New Role for ASPA?” co-authored with Manfred F. Meine, Public Integrity, Vol. 12, No 1, Winter 2009-10: 51

Dr. Manfred F. Meine

Professor of Public Administration, Global Campus Florida, Troy University, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, USA

Manfred F. Meine, Ph.D., Professor of Public Administration, Troy University, Florida, is a member of the Troy University Public Administration graduate faculty. His research interests include public sector ethics, online education technology issues, and public sector budgeting issues. His most recent publications include “The Remote Proctor: An Innovative Technology Solution for Online Course Integrity,” with Thomas P. Dunn and Judy McCarley, The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Vol. 6, Issue 1, 2010; “Distance Learning and Ethics Education and Training: A New Role for ASPA?” with Thomas P. Dunn, Public Integrity, Vol. 12, No 1, Winter 2009-2010: 51-59; “In Pursuit of Ethical Competency…” Multi-author article with Donald Menzel, et al., PA Times, October 2009 and “Testing Integrity in Online Courses: Big Brother Has Arrived,” PA Times Education Supplement, October 2009.

Sandra L. Dunn

S&T Associates, USA

Sandra L. Dunn, M.S. is the CEO of S&T Associates. She has served as the Director and Primary Therapist for Odyssey House, a Group Home for Emotionally Disturbed Teenage Girls, as the Aging Programs Coordinator and Alzheimer’s Specialist for BRADD, a ten county, Area Development District in south-central Kentucky, as a simulations consultant for Community Leadership Programs nation wide, and as President of The Britannia Club, a cross- cultural, service organization. Her professional interests include the facilitation of social science simulations including “Simsoc,” “They Shoot Marbles, Don’t They?” and most recently, “Bafa Bafa.”

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