Tribal Development and Maoism in India: A Gendered Perspective

By Anasuya Ray.

Published by The Diversity Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

India is one of the emerging economic superpowers of the world. After the liberalization and structural adjustments of 1990s, the Indian economy has emerged stronger than before. It has enormous potential which is recognized by the current political leadership and the corporations who see a high profit value in India’s cheap labor and natural resources. The indigenous people in India are one of the most deprived sections where the rates of poverty, malnutrition and displacement are the highest. Historically oppressed by the State and its agents—they have been the victims of the development process. Currently there has been a widespread resistance movement by the tribal population aimed at the State. The purpose of this paper is twofold: 1) it delves into a deeper understanding of the history of the indigenous people and the policies of development in India. 2) It contextualizes the current state of civil war that is ongoing in these tribal areas and critically analyzes gender in that background with regards to internal displacement, economic security and threat to life and safety.

Keywords: Gender, Conflict, Resistance

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp.45-56. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 755.617KB).

Anasuya Ray

Doctoral Student, School of Social Work, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

Anasuya Ray has a M.A in Social Work from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India and a B.A in Political Science and Film Studies from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. Her research interests include development interventions in conflict areas, political violence, religion and conflict, women in war and peace efforts. Born and raised in Kolkata, India, Anasuya has worked and conducted research in several states in India on gender and livelihood, public health care, food security, anti-trafficking and state control in the backdrop of armed conflict. Currently she is pursuing a doctoral degree in Social Work from Rutgers University.

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