“Without Feminism there is no Socialism”: Discourses and Subversive Practices in Latin America

By Sonia Fatima Schwendler.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper analyses peasant women’s political agency in Latin America, focusing on two organisations–the MMC (Movimento das Mulheres Campesinas–Movimiento de las Mujeres Campesinas–Movement of Peasant Women in Brazil) and the ANAMURI (Asociación Nacional de Mujeres Rurales e Indígenas–Associação Nacional de Mulheres Rurais e Indígenas–National Association of Rural and Indigenous Women in Chile). It compares and contrasts the cultural and historical differences that have shaped the women’s movement in each country. It investigates how a transnational identity can build unity within the diversity of organisations in Latin America, and how peasant women have challenged the patriarchal culture and developed a popular feminism connected with class struggle. This study suggests that the identification of peasant women as feminists is a new phenomenon in Latin America. This can clearly be seen in their discourses and subversive practices, and expressed through the slogan: “without feminism there is no socialism”, stated during the fourth Assembly of the Articulation of Peasant Women from the Latin American Coordination of Rural Organisation (CLOC)–Via Campesina.

Keywords: Latin America, Peasant Women, Popular Feminism, Gender, Diversity

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp.123-138. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 841.448KB).

Sonia Fatima Schwendler

PhD Candidate, Federal University of Paraná - Brazil, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK

Sônia Fátima Schwendler is a lecturer in Education at the Federal University of Paraná, Brazil, and a PhD candidate of Hispanic Studies at Queen Mary, University of London in the UK, under the supervision of Professor Else R. Vieira. She has done research and worked with social movements, especially the MST (The Movement of the Landless Rural Workers of Brazil) since 1994. She has been awarded a Scholarship from the CAPES foundation of the Ministry of Education in Brazil.

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