The Provision of Universal Basic Education in Nigeria: Challenges in the 21st Century

By Roseline Emeh Uyanga.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Nigeria views education as the cornerstone of her development, hence it’s acceptance as an “instrument par excellence”, for social transformation. It is seen as a legal right of every Nigerian-child in line with the United Nations Organization’s (UNO) article 26 on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is considered a basic right of the child since it constitutes an integral part of his development. This paper examines Nigeria’s Universal Basic Education and the extent to which the government has met its obligations to her citizens as are stated in the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Section 18, sub-section 1-3 viz: “Government shall direct its policy towards ensuring that there are equal and adequate educational opportunities at all levels…”. Constraints to the achievement of these objectives are identified and discussed at length in the paper. These include: limited public awareness of the provisions of the constitution, poor planning, haphazard implementation of planned educational actions, mismanagement of funds meant for the programme, politics, and pressure group influences. Recommendations for the way forward are made.

Keywords: Universal Basic Education, Human Rights, Equal Opportunities, Egalitarianism

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp.31-48. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 925.012KB).

Prof. Roseline Emeh Uyanga

University Professor, Faculty of Education, Department of Curriculum Studies , Educational Management and Planning, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Dr. Uyanga holds a B.Sc (Educ.) degree and a Ph.D in education administration and planning. She has had 20 years of post-doctoral experience in tertiary institutions and has held several administrative positions including headship of the department, deanship of faculty, and coordinatorship of academic units. She is a member of the University Senate and several professional organisations like the Nigerian Association of University Women, an affiliate of the International Federation of University Women, President (1991–1995) Yola Branch; the Nigerian Association for Education Administration and Planning; the Curriculum Organisation of Nigeria; and the Nigerian Institute of Management Chartered. She teaches biology and other courses including History and Philosophy of Nigerian Education, comparative education, Contemporary Issues in Education, educational administration, and Politics of Education. She has published extensively on education, science teaching, women in education, science, and technology. Her other publications on women include: “Widowhood in African Societies”, and “Gender Stereotyping as it Affects Women’s Education in Nigeria” – both were papers presented at College Language Association Conferences held in New Orleans and Washington D.C., 2001 and 2003 respectively. She is accredited with 4 textbooks, 38 journal articles, 40 conference papers and has widely travelled in the USA, Canada, and Africa.

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