Socio-Economic Class, School Failure, Juvenile Delinquency, and the Marginalization of Youth: A Theoretical Perspective from Personal Points of View

By Warnie James Richardson and Carole Richardson.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Drawing on personal teaching experiences working with marginalized or at-risk youth, this paper filters characteristics of young offenders through well established criminological paradigms.

Keywords: Socioeconomic Status, School Failure, At-Risk Youth, Parenting, Expectations, Self-Fulfilling Prophecies, Stereotypes, Criminological Theories, Juvenile Delinquency, Subcultures

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.139-156. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 977.121KB).

Dr. Warnie James Richardson

Dr Richardson is an Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology and Special Education at Nipissing University. Prior to arriving at Nipissing University, in northern Ontario, Canada, Dr Richardson was a Special Education teacher/educational assessor for sixteen years, all in very hard-to-serve educational environments, both in Canada and the Caribbean. His doctoral work, (at the University of Toronto) and most of his writing to date, has focused on the schooling experiences of juvenile delinquents, and the resiliency of marginalized or at-risk youth.

Dr. Carole Richardson

Carole Richardson is an Assistant Professor of Curriculum Studies in Music Education in the Bachelor of Education program at Nipissing University in northern Ontario, Canada. Professor Richardson has taught music and conducted choirs in both primary and middle schools in Ontario and the Cayman Islands. She also taught for many years in an inner-city school in Toronto. Her current research interests include the effects of past experience on music anxiety in preservice teachers and computer mediated communication. She is in the thesis completion stage of her doctoral programme at the University of Toronto.


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