Advocates of European Union (EU) integration, particularly political elites, have typically taken the approval of their citizenry for granted. The rejection of the EU constitutional treaty in France and the Netherlands in 2005, however, suggests that citizens may not always support further EU integration. Moreover, it raises questions about why such a transformation occurred in two of the six founding countries where support for EU integration has traditionally been exceptionally high. Those who have studied these developments to date have tended to focus mainly on economic rational choice considerations. Our purpose here is not to discount such arguments but rather to suggest that there may be an equally important cultural element that has yet to be systematically explored. For example, the earlier work of Karl Deutsch and his colleagues (1957), suggests that a multiplicity of value systems within the EU could potentially have negative consequences when it comes to support for further integration. In this paper we employ data from the European and World Values Surveys, as well as the Eurobarometer Surveys to examine three main questions. First, is there any evidence to suggest that the expansion of the EU has made the community more value diverse? Second, if so, does the evidence show that the increase in value diversity is due mainly to the expansion into Central and Eastern Europe? Third, is there any evidence to indicate that this increased value diversity may have been linked to support for the EU constitution?
|Keywords:||Value Diversity, European Integration, European Union|
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Graduate Student, Political Science, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
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