Reservation in India and Substantive Gender Equality: A Mumbai Case Study

By Tara van Dijk.

Published by The Diversity Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The discussion as to whether India’s affirmative action policy of reservation (guaranteeing women 33% of the local Ward Councilor seats) brings about substantive gender equality is based upon an in-depth ethnographic case study of one Mumbai administrative ward. To better understand what reservation brings both women councilors and women as a group, I leverage Caroline Moser’s practical and strategic needs framework. I also compare the Ward Councilors’ socio-political networks to see what differences exist between them regarding the amount and character of their politically relevant social capital.

Keywords: Affirmative Action, Mumbai, Ward Councilors, Gender, Social Network Analysis

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 7, Issue 5, pp.27-42. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.227MB).

Tara van Dijk

PhD Candidate, Department of Geography, Planning, and International Development Studies, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

I am an American living in The Netherlands. I obtained my Master's in Human Geography at the University of Amsterdam and am also pursuing my PhD there within the Dept. of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies. Prior to pursuing my graduate studies I lived and taught in South Korea, Shanghai, and the Gaza Strip. My academic and social interests are many: urban governance and development, feminism, environmental sociology, literary analysis, and action research.

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