Founding Values, Community and Diversity: Canada and the U.S. Compared

By Stephen Maguire and Lorraine Dyke.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

One of the central issues in dealing with diversity is the role of national values. Do shared national values hinder diversity or can they play a role in supporting diversity? Are certain national values more congruent than others with support for diversity?

This survey examined the relationship between two sets of national founding values: the American principles of “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” and the Canadian principles of “peace, order and good government.” Canadian students rated the relationship between each of these sets of principles and other values related to tolerance for diversity such as conformity and personal and social experimentation. The results suggest that most respondent believe the more individualistic values of the U.S. should better support diversity. These results are discussed in the context of findings by Adams (2003) that show Canadians to be more supportive of diverse groups. This apparent contradiction is reconciled by a discussion of the importance of shared community values as the basis of tolerance for differences.

Keywords: Community Values, Founding Principles, Support for Diversity

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 7, Issue 5, pp.107-114. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 555.872KB).

Dr. Stephen Maguire

Program Coordinator, Certificate Program in Organizational Values and Ethics , Department of Philosophy, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Dr. Stephen Maguire is the Program Coordinator of the Certificate Program in Organizational Values and Ethics at Carleton University. The certificate program is designed for ethics officers or senior managers with ethics portfolios in the public or private sector. Dr. Maguire has taught in business and philosophy departments. His research includes a variety of issues in business ethics including the ethics of ethics codes, strategic ethics program design, propensity for ethical risks, the ethics of organizational control, and organizational culture as organizational conscience. He recently co-authored a study of ethics programs in the Canadian public service. As a consultant in organizational ethics Dr. Maguire has provided services to a large number of federal government organizations, including Health Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing, Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Industry Canada, Citizenship and Immigration, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Human Resources and Skills Development, Canada Customs and Revenue Agency, the Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada, Correctional Services Canada, and the Public Service Human Resource Management Agency.

Dr. Lorraine Dyke

Associate Professor, Eric Sprott School of Business, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Dr. Lorraine Dyke is an Associate Professor in the Eric Sprott School of Business at Carleton University where she teaches courses in Management and Organizational Behaviour, Women in Management, Managing Workforce Diversity and Managing Groups. Dr. Dyke is also the founder and current Director of the Centre for Research and Education on Women and Work and the Management Development Program for Women at Carleton. Professor Dyke holds an M.B.A. and Ph.D. in Management from Queen's University. Dr. Dyke's research interests centre on careers, the changing workplace and women in management. Dr. Dyke is a co-author of two monographs: Career Development in the Public Service: Building a World-Class Workforce published by Treasury Board in 1999 and Managing High Technology Employees published by Carswell in 2000. She is the author of numerous research articles and has received extensive funding for her research. She is also the recipient of three Best Paper Awards from the Academy of Management and the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada. Dr. Dyke was recently nominated as a YMCA-YWCA Woman of Distinction in the Learning for Life category.

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