Intersectionality and HIV/AIDS: Towards a Framework for Understanding Educational Gender Inequality in Rural Uganda

By Doris M. Kakuru and Margreet van der Burg.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Gender inequalities have persisted in Uganda’s primary education regardless of specific interventions put in place to eliminate them. These include the implementation of Universal Primary Education in 1997. Research was carried out to understand the reasons for the persistence of these inequalities. This article highlights the nature of the various intersections that shape the background of direct and de facto discrimination upon which gender inequality thrives in a context of HIV/AIDS. Addressed are significant social dimensions with respect to rural education: class/wealth, age/generation and health/status of AIDS-affliction. We argue that HIV/AIDS affects all other categories thereby adding impressively to the magnitude and complexity of inequalities. Measures aimed at achieving gender equality in such a context should therefore not only broadly target girls or boys as a single category or gender dimension, but rather include specific interventions for those dimensions that cause subordination in various ways.

Keywords: Intersectionality, Discrimination, Gender Equality, HIV/AIDS, Uganda, Education, Rural Area

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp.25-38. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.078MB).

Dr. Doris M. Kakuru

Lecturer, Department of Sociology, Makerere University, Uganda

Doris Muhwezi Kakuru holds a PhD in Social Sciences from Wageningen University. She is a Lecturer/Researcher at Makerere University’s Department of Sociology where she teaches Sociology of Education. Her areas of research interest include issues of gender and education, social justice, family studies, livelihood studies, and competence studies.

Dr Margreet van der Burg

Universitair docent-Assistant professor, Rural History Group / Gender studies education group in Dept of Social Sciences, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands

Dr. Margreet van der Burg is UD (university lecturer/researcher) at Wageningen University, the Netherlands. She is part of the Department of Social Sciences and posted in the Rural History Group. Since 2002, she is especially entrusted with rural gender studies / history. Febr-Sept 2006 she hold the Maria Goeppert-Meyer Guest Professoriate for international gender studies at the Institute for Rural Development, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Georg-August University at Goettingen, Germany. Her publications mainly deal with genderedness in agricultural modernisation, rural development and their institutionalisation processes. In three major studies, she analysed the genderedness of the Dutch agricultural knowledge system and its institutions (science, extension and education) in relation to agricultural modernisation policies, changes in family farming and farm labour, rural activism and rural development. All show a strong underlying interest in representations of gender, class, race and generation with respect to the opportunities and disadvantages in rural contexts that are connected to perceptions of rurality. Her main focus used to be Europe and the northern America, but is gradually extending along the lines of historical colonial and imperialistic dependencies towards those in a contemporary global context.

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