India is known to as a vast and great country, which has a glorious and very colourful past from the very beginning of civilization, from the time of Veda. Amongst the different aspects of Indian cultures, Indian literature has a recognisable heritage, mainly in epics (mahakabyam), poetry (kabyam), dramas (natyam). Now, in 21st century, we realise that it is not the question of supremacy but diversity, which must be discussed, because modern India has 18 official languages recognised by Indian Constitution. So it is very easy to imagine the complication of the language problem, precisely the communication problem. Moreover, there are not so many writings in some of the 18 languages, which may be called as ‘literature’. Still we can have a lot of opportunities to distinguish the diversification of modern Indian literature, specifically contemporary fictions. Firstly, I have chosen four to five languages, which have a lot to discuss. My selection of languages is mostly based on geographical, each from north, south, east and west. Secondly, I have tried to follow the most practised way to criticize a literary work, where observation is not purely literature oriented but social, political, anthropological and psychological view points are also inseparable parts of discussion. Hence in this way, an approach can be made to show the diversification in contemporary Indian fictions.
|Keywords:||Diversification, Regional Languages, Indian Fictions|
Reader, Department of Bengali, Narasinha Dutt College (University of Calcutta), Calcutta, West Bengal, India
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