Fostering a Culturally Congruent Acceptance of Critical Thinking among Nursing Professionals in an Extended Care Facility: Research among Multi-National Nursing Professionals

By Darlene Sredl and Janis Dickerman.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This presentation involves a non-experimental pre-test/post-test design with educational intervention to augment nurses’ critical thinking skills in an extended care facility in the United States. The educational intervention consisted of six one-hour sessions (one taught each month) based upon a critical thinking overview and one session each month originating from the ADPIE nursing process. The host facility had a high ethnicity ratio of 66.7% multi-national heritage to Caucasian nurses. It was anticipated that statistical findings from the study among three ethnic groups might better enable nurse educators to develop future educational programs suited to different ethnic cultures via 2 research questions exploring critical thinking comprehension between RNs and LPNs as well as among the 3 ethnic groups tested. Findings revealed a significant difference on readiness in implementation of critical thinking dispositions between RNs and LPNs with RNs apparently more ready to implement decision making, a hallmark of critical thinking. Statistical findings did not indicate a higher level of critical thinking skill following the 6 month course, nor better critical thinking comprehension by any of the ethnic groups tested.

Keywords: Cultural Congruence, Critical Thinking Skills

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp.171-176. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 584.773KB).

Dr. Darlene Sredl

Teaching Associate Professor of Nursing, Barnes-Jewish Extended Care Medical Center, University of Missouri at St. Louis, USA

Author of over 80 professional publications and 3 books. One text, Airborne Patient Care Management: A Multidisciplinary Approach was translated into Spanish and adopted as the official air evacuation manual by the government of Chile. Author is a licensed pilot and nurse educator. Originator of 2 nursing theories: The Aerohemodynamic Theory (A grand theory accepted for publication by the Journal of Teaching and Learning in Nursing), and The Triangle Technique, (a mid-range theory and published by NLN’s Perspectives in Nursing- 2004). Also a consultant.

Janis Dickerman

Director of Nurses, Nursing, Barnes-Jewish Extended Care, St Louis, Missouri, USA

41 years of nursing experience, including 20 years in East Asia, training local residents in nursing, developing a community nursing program that included home care and satellite clinics in poverty areas. Co-founder of the Hope Medical Group; a multi disciplinary outpatient clinic serving a diverse population in Macao, East Asia. Teaching assignments in Viet Nam, China and Thailand. Worked closely with the government of Macao to assist fire victims in establishing new homes, training for employment and schooling for children. Medical mission work in the Rain Forest areas of Ecuador conducting outlying clinics. 5 successful adult children and two beautiful teenage grandchildren. Involved in my local church,global missions, and volunteer at a local food pantry. Member of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society for Nursing. Love to travel, garden, attend theater productions and read.


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