The Philosophical Origins of the U.S. Welfare Policy: Controversial Ideologies behind the TANF Program

By Jinman Kyonne.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Historical events such as wars, economic crises, and political preferences have influenced the U.S. social welfare policy. In the stream of the U.S. welfare policy, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1966 set the course for a work-oriented welfare system. It established the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, a federal block grant with the goal of promoting self-sufficiency among those members of the population receiving public assistance. TANF has been viewed differently by various political ideological groups such as neo-conservatives and neo-liberals. In order to analyze the effect TANF has on these ideologies, this paper explains the philosophical origins of the U.S. welfare policy. This paper also examines the political background and strategies of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program compared to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Finally, this paper generates some discussion based on these procedures.

Keywords: The U.S. Welfare Policy, TANF, Political Ideologies

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp.93-98. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 588.208KB).

Prof. Jinman Kyonne

Professor, The Department of Public Administration, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, South Korea

Jinman Kyonne is a professor in Hankuk University of Foreign Studies in South Korea. He achieved Ph.D. degree in Social Work at the University of Missouri-Columbia in U.S. Research and teaching interests include social welfare policy, child care, program evaluation, international social work, and research methods. His research has appeared in various journals including Perspectives on Social Work and International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations.

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