The Role of Language and Career Management Self-efficacy in the Career Adjustment of Immigrant Women
This study explores how language and career management skills influence the career adjustment of immigrant women in Canada. Through face-to-face semi-structured interviews, eight immigrant women discussed the career barriers they faced in Canada. The results showed that not only actual language and career management skills, but also the self-efficacy beliefs of immigrant women about their language and career management skills were important in their career adjustment. Those with low self-efficacy beliefs were dissatisfied with their career status, often being unemployed or underemployed, whereas those with high self-efficacy were involved in their desired job and satisfied with their career status. The results are discussed from the perspective of social cognitive career theory (Lent et al., 1994). This study presents a novel application of social cognitive theory that can potentially inspire more fruitful research.
||Immigrant Women, Career Management, Language Skills, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Self-efficacy
International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp.33-42.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 622.912KB).
PhD Student, Psychology Department, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Maria Rasouli is a PhD candidate in the Psychology Department at Carleton University. She has a B.A. (Honours) in clinical psychology and an M.A. in experimental psychology, both from Tehran University in Iran. Maria has extensive experience as a research and teaching assistant, both in Iran and in Canada. She is currently working on her doctoral dissertation project entitled “Predictors of Career Adjustment for Immigrant Women in Canada”.
Associate Professor, Eric Sprott School of Business, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Dr. Lorraine Dyke is an Associate Professor in the Eric Sprott School of Business at Carleton University where she teaches courses in Management and Organizational Behaviour, Women in Management, Managing Workforce Diversity and Managing Groups. Dr. Dyke is also the founder and current Director of the Centre for Research and Education on Women and Work and the Management Development Program for Women at Carleton. Professor Dyke holds an M.B.A. and Ph.D. in Management from Queen’s University. Dr. Dyke’s research interests centre on careers, the changing workplace and women in management. Dr. Dyke is a co-author of two monographs: Career Development in the Public Service: Building a World-Class Workforce published by Treasury Board in 1999 and Managing High Technology Employees published by Carswell in 2000. She is the author of numerous research articles and has received extensive funding for her research. She is also the recipient of three Best Paper Awards from the Academy of Management and the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada. Dr. Dyke was recently nominated as a YMCA-YWCA Woman of Distinction in the Learning for Life category.
Associate Professor, Psychology Department, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Janet Mantler, PhD. (Windsor), is an Associate Professor of Organizational Psychology and is a founding member of the Centre for Stress, Coping, and Well-being at Carleton University. She teaches courses in Organizational Psychology, Work, Stress, and Health, and Work Motivation. Her areas of research interest include work stress, employee recruitment and retention, and employee engagement.
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