Ethnic Heterogeneity and Female Political Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Toward a Better Measure

By Kimberly S. Adams.

Published by The Diversity Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper revisits a previous study of the effects of political, socioeconomic and cultural influences upon the percentage of women in sub-Saharan African parliaments using a newer measure of ethnic diversity. Unlike my previous study that utilized Easterly and Levine’s ethnolinguistic fractionalization (ELF) measure of ethnic diversity, this study includes Daniel Posner’s PREG (Politically Relevant Ethnic Groups) variable as a cultural measure to determine its influence on the percentage of women in national parliaments in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The findings indicate that while the PREG variable is not rendered statistically significant when explaining the percent of women in the lower chambers of the Sub-Saharan African parliaments; unlike ELF, PREG is positively correlated with the increased percentage of women in parliament.

Keywords: Measuring Cultural Attitudes toward Women in African Politics; Measuring Ethnic Diversity; African Ethnic Diversity

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp.99-108. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 614.431KB).

Dr. Kimberly S. Adams

Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania, East Stroudsburg, PA, USA

Dr. Kimberly S. Adams is the President and Managing Director of Adams Political Research & Consulting. She currently serves as Assistant Professor of Political Science at East Stroudsburg University in Pennsylvania. Dr. Adams’ areas of teaching include American National Government, Women and Politics, Race and Ethnicity in American Politics, Political Parties, Political Communication, the Institutions of Government, and Campaigns and Elections. Dr. Adams’ research explores the agenda setting behavior of non-traditional legislators (i.e. - women and African-Americans). She has presented academic papers on women and politics at the state, national and international levels.


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