Education of Women for Empowerment in Nigeria

By Roseline E. Tawo, Daniel Denga and Hannah M. Denga.

Published by The Diversity Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Although Nigerian women have been under the yoke of all forms of abuse meted out by men and although fellow
Nigerian women have been trying to get them empowered, with a view to liberating them, however, the women empowerment
struggle has not yet yielded commensurate and significant results in Nigeria. Unfortunately, in traditional African societies, a
woman is still not expected to be an equal to a man. Lack of adequate education, economic and political development has been
identified as major factors for poor performance at the level of women empowerment programmes in Nigeria. This paper
is designed to show how the level of educational attainment, economic and political development influences female empowerment.
The survey design was adopted for this study and one hundred and fifty women in the Women Development Centres
of Calabar Municipality and Calabar South Local Government Areas were randomly drawn for the study. A 20 item questionnaire
constructed by the researchers on a Four–point Likert-type scale with responses ranging from strongly agree to
strongly disagree was used for data collection. The data collected were analysed using an independent t-test as presented
in table 1. The findings show a significant influence between educational attainment (8.21), economic development (6.77)
and political development (2.88) on women empowerment. Based on the result it is recommended among others, that women
should be adequately empowered, educationally, economically and politically.

Keywords: Education of Women, Educational Attainment, Economic Development, Political Participation, Women Em-Powerment

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp.45-58. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.166MB).

Dr. Roseline E. Tawo

Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Holder of a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) Degree in Elementary Education, Masters of Education (M.Ed) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph D) Degrees in Guidance and Counselling from University of Calabar, Calabar where she is now teaching Guidance and Counselling, Adult Psychology, women education and other related courses. She is a trained Home Economist. Have taught for 12 years in a number of Secondary Schools in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria. Worked for 5 years as a Research Officer and served as the Head of the Department of Research and Statistics in the Local Government Education Authority, Calabar. Functioned as the Coordinator of the B.Ed Adult Education Consultancy Programme. A Course Adviser, teach and supervise student’s projects work. Served as an Examination Officer and the Industrial Attachment Coordinator. A member of several Professional Associations, which among them include: The Counselling Association of Nigeria, The Nigerian Society of Educational Psychologist, World Council of Curriculum and Instruction, Nigerian National Council for Adult Education, National Association for Women Academics among others. Has attended several conferences and published papers in many Professional Journals both internationally and locally. Have articles in books and also a co-author of a book on psychology. Have skills in sewing, knitting, crocheting, bead making and other crafts. She is married. she is an honest, hardworking, dedicated lady who maintain standard in all she does.

Prof. Daniel Denga

Professor of Education, Department of Department of Educational Foundations, Guidance and Counselling, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

A Professor of Education. He has published over 35 books in various fields of Education and over 200 Journals publications across continents. He is profusely quoted in his field.

Dr. Hannah M. Denga

Senior Lecturer, Department of Extension and Distance Learning, Institute of Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Has Ph.D in Guidance and Counselling. Has a wide range of teaching experience from primary school to tertiary institutions of learning for over 25 years. A member of national and international professional associations with over 20 local and 6 international publications.


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