Globalization which is supposed to create a more integrated and standardized world paradoxically creates in its midst important niches of marginal groups and cultures. These niches of marginality, which go beyond simple diversity, are the results of the same socio-economic and cultural forces that lead to a tightening of global ties and interdependence.
Foreign workers, for example, many of them illegal migrants, are a very marginal population whose growth is closely linked to globalization. They are an outcome of globalization, but they also lubricate the global economy, enable it to grow, thus leading to still greater flows of international migration.
International tourism is another phenomenon intricately related to globalization. It feeds on the shortening of distances but also accelerates the diffusion of goods, services and ideas. However, as it grows, international tourism is also increasingly attracted to the ‘different’ and it creates a growing demand for the commercial exhibit of ‘exotic’ marginal cultures. It inadvertently leads to the preservation of marginal groups, traditions and identities, though in a somewhat modified form.
The paper intends to look at these two phenomena closely related to globalization and see how they affect the groups involved, asking more specifically what impact they have on their sub-national and trans-national identities and cultures.
|Keywords:||International Migration, International Tourism, Marginality|
Professor Emeritus, The Harry S. Truman Research Institute, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
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