Globalization scholars frequently debate the impact of globalization on minor or subcultures. Many fear that globalization will lead to the homogenization of culture as the influence of western culture creates what one writer referred to as a sort of cultural imperialism (Veseth 66), pushing less dominant cultures to the brink of extinction. In this paper, the author examines two specific subcultures to determine how they have fared in the face of globalization: the Breton culture of France, and the French Cajun culture of Louisiana in the United States. These two subcultures were selected since one occurs in the United States, commonly recognized as the main perpetrator of cultural homogenization around the world, while the other lies in a country often cited for its resistance to globalization. In recent years, both the Breton culture and the Cajun culture have gained a more favorable image and stronger cultural identity after suffering decline in the mid twentieth century. An analysis of their transformation leads to conclusions about cultural homogenization and the survival of minor cultures that may be applied to other cultures.
|Keywords:||Globalization, Culture, Homogenization, Identity, France, United States, Breton, Brittany, Cajun, French|
Professor of French, Department of Language, Literature, and Philosophy, Southern Oregon University, Ashland, Oregon, USA
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