Perceptions of the Impact of Positive Action in EU and non-EU Countries

By Uduak Archibong, Jite Eferakorho, Aliya Darr, Andy Scally, Karl Atkin, Carol Baxter, Mark R. D. Johnson, Mark Bell, Lisa Waddington, Katrin Wladasch, Tara Bedard, Oluyinka Adejumo, Phyllis Sharps and Pat Bradshaw.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Around the world, inequalities exist around boundaries of race, social class, gender, disability, religious beliefs and sexual orientation, often resulting from past and current discriminatory practices. Governments have taken certain measures, including enacting policies such as positive action, to remedy such discrimination. This paper provides a comparative analysis of perceptions of the impact of positive action in seven EU and three non-EU countries. The study adopted participatory methods including consensus workshops, interviews and policy analysis to obtain data from designers of positive action. Findings are discussed, conclusions drawn and wide-ranging recommendations are made at the EC, individual countries and organisational levels.

Keywords: Affirmative Action, Consensus Workshop, Equality Grounds, Disability, Diversity, Equal Opportunities, Gender, Positive Action, Race

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp.111-124. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.209MB).

Prof. Uduak Archibong

Professor and Director, Centre for Inclusion and Diversity, School of Health Studies, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK

Uduak Archibong is Professor of Diversity and Director of the Centre for Inclusion and Diversity at the University of Bradford, UK and a Visiting Professor at the University of Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa.

Dr. Jite Eferakorho

University of Bradford, UK

Jite Eferakorho was formerly a Post-doctoral Research Officer at the Centre for Inclusion and Diversity at the University of Bradford, UK.

Dr. Aliya Darr

Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Inclusion and Diversity, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK

Aliya Darr is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Inclusion and Diversity at the University of Bradford, UK.

Andy Scally

Senior Lecturer, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK

Andy Scally is a Medical Statistician at the University of Bradford and has broad experience in quantitative methods applied to biomedical, health and social science research.

Prof. Karl Atkin

Professor, Department of Health Sciecnes, University of York, York, UK

Professor Karl Atkin is Professor of Ethnicity and Health at the University of York, UK.

Prof. Carol Baxter

Professor and Head of Equality and Diversity, Equality and Diversity, NHS Employers, UK

Carol Baxter is a Professor and Head of Equality and Diversity at NHS Employers, UK

Prof. Mark R. D. Johnson

Professor, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK

Mark Johnson is Professor of Diversity in Health and Social Care and the Director of Mary Seacole Research Centre at De Montfort University, Leicester, UK.

Prof. Mark Bell

Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK

Mark Bell is a Professor at the Centre for European Law and Integration, University of Leicester, UK.

Prof. Lisa Waddington

Professor, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands

Lisa Waddington holds the European Disability Forum Chair in European Disability Law at Maastricht University, the Netherlands.

Katrin Wladasch

Anti-Discrimination and Equal Treatment Expert, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights (BIM), Austria

Katrin Wladasch is researcher in the fields of anti- discrimination and diversity at the L. Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, Vienna and lecturer at the University of Vienna, Austria.

Tara Bedard

Programmes Coordinator, European Roma Rights Centre, Budapest, Hungary

Tara Bedard is Programmes Coordinator at the European Roman Rights Centre, Hungary.

Prof. Oluyinka Adejumo

Professor, School of Nursing, University of the Western Cape, South Africa

Oluyinka Adejumo is a Professor and Head of the Centre for Teaching and Learning Scholarship (CENTALS) at the School of Nursing, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.

Prof. Phyllis Sharps

Professor, Department of Community Public Health Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA

Phyllis Sharps is Professor and Chair in the Department of Community Public Health Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, USA.

Dr. Pat Bradshaw

Associate Professor, Schulich School of Business, York University, Toronto, Canada

Pat Bradshaw is an Associate Professor in Organizational Behaviour and Area Coordinator for Organisational Behaviour and Industrial Relations, Schulich School of Business, York University, Canada.

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