Managing the Culture of Diversity: An Artificial Culture Approach
This article deals with culture from the viewpoint of artificialisation, and indicates some of the possibilities for creating artificial cultures. Human societies reorganize both the surrounding environment and themselves. As a result, society is becoming more and more artificial. The idea of treating culture as an object of technology comes from the development of technologies and society. Contemporary communication and information theories offer attractive metaphors for redefining cultural phenomena. As an example we could discuss the learning-centered artificial culture “DigiKult”, purpose of which is to analyze the problems of contemporary informational society. Our approach involves the design of artificial cultures as environments in which participants interact with each other, thus forming a problem – solving and role – playing community. Although the culture is simulated, individual participants and interactions are real. Artificial cultures presents innovative circumstances in which participants consequent interaction patterns and group behaviour can be studied.
||Artificial, Artificial Culture, Artificialisation, Learning Environment, Problem-solving Community
International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp.419-430.
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Associated Professor, Chair of Archival Studies, Tartu University, Tartu, Estonia, Estonia
Kurmo Konsa was born on the 31st of the August 1965 at Tartu, Estonia. He is an Associated Professor in Chair of Archival Studies at Tartu University. He has an M.Sc in microbiology from Tartu University, and an M.A. in Book Science from Tallinn University. Kurmo Konsa holds a doctoral degree in Informational Science from Tallinn University. His doctoral work focuses on preservation of written heritage and preservation surveys issues. Formerly he worked at Tartu University Library as paper conservator and at Estonian Postal Museum as conservator and curator of collections. His current research program includes the condition surveys of Estonian written records - construction of theoretical framework within which to develop, test and evaluate a preservation surveys methodology; creating a general methodology that may be adopted for assessing of condition of all paper-based collections and statistical surveys of Estonian written heritage. The most important and extensive conservation project with which Dr. Konsa has been involved was the Project Thule – the State of Cultural Heritage in Major Estonian Libraries. This project was carried out by support of UNESCO in 1998 – 2000. He is the Vice-Chairman of Estonian Preservation Council an umbrella organization of national memory institutions at Estonian Cultural Ministry. Dr Konsa participates in composition of advanced professional training courses at Tartu University and at Estonian Cultural Ministry. Kurmo Konsa has presented the results of his studies at conferences in Estonia and abroad (Lithuania, Latvia, Russia, Germany). He published a lot of articles in special publications. His books “Preservation of Archival Materials” and “Preservation Guide for Libraries and Archives” are the only study and reference materials concerning the preservation of written heritage in Estonia.
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