Life after HIV/AIDS: Level and Source of Anxiety of People with HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh

By Naznine Anwar and Dilruba Afrose.

Published by The Diversity Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Literature shows that HIV/AIDS is not a simple physical or clinical problem, and support related to medication from biomedical perspective is not enough for the people with HIV/AIDS (Dyk, 2008; Kemppainen et al., 2006). Their mental equability is also important and needs to be addressed by the existing care and support system. Anxiety is leading psychological disorder which has strong correlation with rapid disease progression (Leserman et al., 2003). It is expected that increased knowledge about anxiety will support caregiver in helping persons with HIV/AIDS to cope with their anxiety symptoms. This paper reports on a study that explores the presence of anxiety, level of anxiety and source of anxiety of the people with HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh. The study employed a mixed method approach and collected data in two phases. In Phase-I, for quantitative data an anxiety measurement scale developed by Deeba and Begum (2004) were used involving 48 people with HIV/AIDS. The Split-half reliability of the scale was 0.916 and the Cronbach-alpha reliability was 0.9468. The inclusion criteria of the study population (informants) were - those who were HIV Sero-positive adult (age limit 19-69 years) male and female, and also regular HIV positive member of Ashar Alo Society, a HIV self-help group of Bangladesh. The HIV infected people with medical emergency or who were not voluntarily willing to take part in the study were excluded. In Phase-II, for qualitative data interview method were used to identify the source of anxiety of the people with HIV/AIDS. The people who had profound anxiety were invited to participate in the interview session. Eleven people with HIV/AIDS were interviewed. It is expected that outcomes from this study will be used to design and develop care and support system for the people with HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh.

Keywords: Level of Anxiety, Source of Anxiety, People with HIV/AIDS, Support System, Bangladesh

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp.1-10. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 651.671KB).

Naznine Anwar

MPH Graduate, James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Attaining a post graduate degree in Psychology from department of Psychology, University of Dhaka Naznine Anwar worked for five and a half years in the field of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health. She started her career as a HIV Counselor and in a span of couple of years worked as a Counseling Supervisor in USAID Funded HIV Positive Care and Support Health Program and spearheading urban HIV/AIDS Prevention Program for vulnerable populations. She also worked as a Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Center and Counseling Coordinator at CARE-Bangladesh. As a Research Officer under the Public Health Science Division of ICDDRB, she worked for developing the research protocol for STI partner notification study. Prior to attending the Master of Public Health program at James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University in Bangladesh she was working as a Technical Officer (VCT) for Family Health International and responsible for planning, coordinating, facilitating, supervising, managing, monitoring and evaluating the VCT program among the vulnerable population through the nation wide local development organizations under the Bangladesh AIDS Program since 2006. She attended and facilitated a number of workshops on HIV/AIDS as a Master Trainer. She has received her MPH degree four months before.

Prof. Dilruba Afrose

Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh


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