Exclusion and Education of Disadvantaged Young People: The Case of Turkish Disadvantaged Young People

By Pinar Enneli and Ayse Kaya.

Published by The Diversity Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

In Turkey, the policy makers and politicians have encouraged investments on education as a way to eliminate poverty among the young people in general and the young women in particular, while there seems to be a lack of interest in the perceptions and expectations of the young people. This paper has tried to fill this gap and introduced some policy suggestions to construct a bridge between politicians’ intentions and the young people’s perceptions. It is argued that effective policies should be informed by demand side as in this case excluded young people. Otherwise, the policies could not be responded on the ground. This is required active participation of the excluded young people in the process. In other words, they need to be a part of the solution, rather than of the problem. The paper is based on a part of the research about disadvantaged young people aged 15-24 living in Ankara as one of the big metropolis in Turkey sponsored by TUBITAK (Turkish Scientific Research Council) in 2008-2010. Both quantitative and qualitative research techniques were applied during the research. The data has been collected in five stages. First, statistical data sets (TSI, SPD etc.) on young people in general and this specific age group in particular, was analysed. Then, in-depth interviews with service providers to young people in different organisations (local, governmental and non-governmental) were carried out. In the third stage, a questionnaire was applied to 600 young people (300 males and 300 females). At the end of this stage, one day workshop with service providers to share the survey result was arranged and in-depth interviews with selected young people were conducted in the later stage. In the final stage some focus group discussions were executed with these young people.

Keywords: Turkey, Young People, Exclusion, Disadvantaged, Education, Policy Making, Active Participation

International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp.205-218. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 621.187KB).

Assoc. Prof. Pinar Enneli

Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Science and Literature, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey

I graduated from METU, Ankara at 1991 as a sociologist. Then I got my MPhill and Ph.D degrees from Sociology Department at Bristol University. My general interests are ethnic minorities, with specific reference to the Turkish - speaking communities in Europe; and young people’s economic and social integration and exclusion. Some of my publications are ‘Social Exclusion and Young Turkish-speaking People’s Future Prospects: Economic Deprivation and the Culturalisation of Ethnicity’, in Steve Fenton and Harriet Bradley (eds.), Ethnicity and Economy- ‘Race and Class’ Revisited., Palgrave, MacMillan, Londra. in 2002. Another one in 2005 called Young Turks and Kurds – A set of ‘invisible’ disadvantaged groups’, Joseph Rowntree Foundation., York., with Tariq Modood and Harriet Bradley. In 2008, ’European Union New Immigration Policies – An Urge for Illegal Migration’, in Rasim Özgür Dönmez and Gökhan Telatar (eds.), European Union in Global World, Phoenix, Ankara. And in 2010, ‘Crossing and Conflicting Religious and Ethnic Identities in Turkey’ edited book with Rasim Ozgur Donmez and Nezahat Altuntas, Say Yayınları, Istanbul.

Ayse Kaya

Project Assistant, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Science and Literature, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey

I graduated from International Relations Department at Abant Izzet Baysal University. I am doing MA degree at Political Science Department of the same university. I also work as a project assistant at a TUBİTAK sponsored project about disadvantaged young people with Assis. Prof. Pinar Enneli. My main interest areas are poverty, exclusion, young people, ethnic identities, ethnic cinema and migration.

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